First Information Report traditionally known as FIR, it is the beginning of the investigation; the FIR is prepared by the police officer. It can be orally or written if the person giving the information orally the police officer should write it and read it to the person who has a complaint. It is different from a complaint it is for the cognizable offense. A complaint can register for cognizable and non-cognisable offenses. A complaint can be of the sound pollution, boundary arguments, or it can be for oral argument etc. The Supreme Court of India gives instructions for the police to go through an inquiry before registering the FIR. The person should ask the police officer for reading the complaint it is in case the complaint is written by the Police officer. In nowadays the FIR can be registered in online the states like Tamilnadu Chennai, Himachal Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra etc. The investigation procedure starts after registering the FIR.

Charge Sheet concept is resultant from criminal law, the magistrate frames the charges. The police officer who has the charge should forward the charge sheet to the corresponding magistrate.  The charge sheet is a complete inquiry report done by the investigation officer based on the FIR. Update on the inquiry is added to the charge sheet. It contains Information regarding the accused one and the witness. The charges and its specifications. The charge sheet is submitted to the to the court the prosecution proceeding started against the accused person. Under the section 173,


All the investigation come under this section should complete without any delay. At the time of completes the investigation, the police officer in charge should transfer it to the corresponding magistrate. The state has given certain instructions on this. It should contain the name of two parties. What kind of information, the names of the individuals who come under the circumstance, if any offense has been committed if any list them if the accused person arrested, is the accused person released with the sureties. The magistrate or the judge never blindly frame the charges, they add new charges if any facts exist there.

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